Substantiations

Graphs

Number of notifications and substantiations, Queensland, 2006-07 to 2010-11 Number of notifications and substantiations, Queensland, 2014-15 to 2018-19

YearNotificationsSubstantiations
2006-07 28511 10108
2007-08 25003 8028
2008-09 23408 7315
2009-10 21885 6922
2010-11 21655 6598

Number of children subject to a substantiation, by most serious harm type, Queensland, 2006-07 to 2010-11Rate of children subject to a substantiation, per 1,000 children aged 0-17 years, by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status, Queensland, 2014-15 to 2018-19

YearPhysicalSexualEmotionalNeglect
2006-07 2074 591 3957 2223
2007-08 2036 576 2702 2017
2008-09 1695 471 2510 1952
2009-10 1364 382 2512 1960
2010-11 1287 370 2382 1902

Proportion of substantiations, by primary source of notification, Queensland, 2010-11 Proportion of substantiations, by primary source of notification, Queensland, 2018-19

YearParent/ guardianOther relativeFriend/ neighbourSchool personnelPoliceHealth sourcesAll other sources
2009-10 7.35336608 % 5.14302225 % 4.39179428 % 12.13522103 % 30.4825195 % 18.08725802 % 22 %
2010-11 6.759624129 % 5.47135496 % 4.122461352 % 13.200969991 % 30.569869657 % 18.111548954 % 21.688390421 %

Rate of children subject to a substantiation, per 1,000 children aged 0-17 years, by Indigenous status, Queensland, 2006-07 to 2010-11 Number of children subject to a substantiation, by most serious harm type, Queensland, 2014-15 to 2018-19

YearIndigenousNon-Indigenous
2006-07 25.9 7.6
2007-08 23.9 6
2008-09 25.7 5
2009-10 25.5 4.4
2010-11 24.7 4.1

Tables

DescriptionAnnualQuarterly
S.1: Substantiations and children subject to a substantiation, by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status, Queensland Excel (XLSX, 20 KB) Excel (CSV, 3 KB) Excel (XLSX, 19 KB) Excel (CSV, 2 KB)
S.2: Substantiations, by primary source of notification, Queensland Excel (XLSX, 19 KB) Excel (CSV, 2 KB) Excel (XLSX, 19 KB) Excel (CSV, 2 KB)
S.3: Notifications that were subsequently substantiated, by primary source of notification, Queensland Excel (XLSX, 20 KB) Excel (CSV, 3 KB) Excel (XLSX, 20 KB) Excel (CSV, 4 KB)
S.4: Substantiations, by most serious abuse type and sex of the person believed responsible, Queensland Excel (XLSX, 20 KB) Excel (CSV, 4 KB) Excel (XLSX, 20 KB) Excel (CSV, 4 KB)
S.5: Substantiations and whether the child was in need of protection, Queensland Excel (XLSX, 19 KB) Excel (CSV, 2 KB) Excel (XLSX, 18 KB) Excel (CSV, 2 KB)
S.6: Substantiations where the child was in need of protection, by primary source of notification, Queensland Excel (XLSX, 20 KB) Excel (CSV, 3 KB) Excel (XLSX, 20 KB) Excel (CSV, 3 KB)
S.7: Children subject to a substantiation, by most serious abuse type and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status, Queensland Excel (XLSX, 20 KB) Excel (CSV, 5 KB) Excel (XLSX, 20 KB) Excel (CSV, 5 KB)
S.8: Children subject to a substantiation, by most serious abuse type and age group, Queensland Excel (XLSX, 22 KB) Excel (CSV, 5 KB) Excel (XLSX, 22 KB) Excel (CSV, 5 KB)
S.9: Children subject to a substantiation by family of residence, Queensland Excel (XLSX, 19 KB) Excel (CSV, 2 KB) Excel (XLSX, 18 KB) Excel (CSV, 2 KB)
S.10: Substantiations and children subject to a substantiation, by region, Queensland Excel (XLSX, 14 KB) Excel (CSV, 3 KB) Excel (XLSX, 14 KB) Excel (CSV, 3 KB)

Table notes

What is a substantiation?

Abuse is an action against a child that causes harm. Harm refers to any detrimental effect of a significant nature on the child's physical, psychological or emotional wellbeing. Harm can be caused by physical, psychological or emotional abuse or neglect, or sexual abuse or exploitation.

An investigation and assessment can have an outcome of substantiated where it is assessed that a child or young person has suffered, is suffering, or is at unacceptable risk of suffering future, significant harm. A substantiated outcome can be:

  • Substantiated - Child in need of protection – a child has suffered, is suffering, or is at unacceptable risk of suffering future significant harm and there is no parent able and willing to protect them.   

          OR

  • Substantiated - Child not in need of protection - where there is no unacceptable risk of future significant harm (but harm occurred in the past), and there is a parent able and willing to protect them.

Why this topic is important

Children who are harmed or neglected, including those who witness domestic and family violence, often exhibit emotional, cognitive, and behavioural problems. These can include:

  • depression
  • suicidal behaviour
  • difficulty in school
  • use of alcohol and other drugs
  • early sexual activity

Without proper support, abuse and neglect can have long term impacts on children and young people. Research has shown that children and young people who have experienced abuse can have poorer outcomes in regards to their health, education and adult relationships.

When children have been assessed as in need of protection, they and their families may be referred to therapeutic services to address their needs, as part of ongoing intervention.

In 2018-19, the department recorded 6,494 substantiations relating to 6,063 children. Of the 6,494 substantiations, 4,189 were substantiated - in need of protection and 2,305 were substantiated - not in need of protection.

The number of substantiations recorded increased by 1.3 per cent from 6,410 in 2017-18 to 6,494 in 2018-19.

Since 2014-15, the number of substantiations recorded by the department increased by 0.8 per cent from 6,445 to 6,494 in 2018-19. Over the same period, the number of children subject to a substantiation increased by 3.2 per cent from 5,875 to 6,063.

Between 2014-15 and 2018-19 the number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children subject to a substantiation increased by 15.0 per cent (from 2,021 in 2014-15 to 2,325 in 2018-19). Conversely, the number of non-Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children subject to a substantiation decreased by 3.0 per cent over the same period, from 3,854 in 2014-15 to 3,738 in 2018-19.